AskDefine | Define concerted

Dictionary Definition

concerted adj : involving the joint activity of two or more; "the attack was met by the combined strength of two divisions"; "concerted action"; "the conjunct influence of fire and strong dring"; "the conjunctive focus of political opposition"; "a cooperative effort"; "a united effort"; "joint military activities" [syn: combined, conjunct, conjunctive, cooperative, united]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Verb

concerted
  1. past of concert

Adjective

  1. Performed through a concert of effort; done by agreement or in combination.

Derived terms

Extensive Definition

In chemistry, a concerted reaction is a chemical reaction in which all bond breaking and bond making occurs in a single step. Reactive intermediates or other unstable high energy intermediates are not involved. Concerted reaction rates tend not to depend on solvent polarity ruling out large buildup of charge in the transition state. Pericyclic reactions are concerted reactions.
In the SN2 reaction a concerted reaction also takes place. Because the reaction rate is bimolecular there are two molecular species controlling the rate of the reaction. Because the rate is dependent on two molecules the reaction does not have any intermediate steps, only a transition state. This means that all the bond making and bond breaking takes place in a single step. In order for the reaction to occur both molecules must be situated correctly. Therefore, the reaction is said to be concerted because it occurs in one step.

References

  • Carey, Francis A.; Sundberg, Richard J.; (1984). Advanced Organic Chemistry Part A Structure and Mechanisms (2nd ed.). New York N.Y.: Plenum Press. ISBN 0-306-41198-9.
concerted in Arabic: تفاعل تنظيم
concerted in Spanish: Reacción concertada
concerted in Polish: Reakcja skoordynowana
concerted in Portuguese: Reação concertada

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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